6 February -International day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is a form of persecution under the Belgian Aliens’ Act of 15 December 1980. The CGRS has always been careful to examine requests based on a fear of FGM with great care and attention.
Ten years ago, the CGRS established a monitoring system for minor girls who have been recognised as refugees on account of a fear of FGM. The aim is to make sure that they remain uncut after receiving refugee status in Belgium, as refugee status does not offer a girl absolute protection. There is indeed a risk of FGM even in Belgium or Europe, often due to relatives.
The international day against FGM is an opportunity to present some figures and observations about this monitoring system:
- 1,703 uncut girls are currently being monitored
- More than 30 nationalities are registered but one country, Guinea, stands out, with 73.69%. Next come Somalia (5.05%), Djibouti (3.22%), Ivory Coast (1.70%) and Mauritania (1.58%).
Place of birth:
- 56.98% of monitored girls were born in Belgium
- 40.56% were born in the country of origin of their parents
- Around 2% were born in a third country