This COI Focus describes the security situation in the city of Jalalabad, capital of the province of Nangarhar in eastern Afghanistan. The city of Jalalabad is the fourth largest city in Afghanistan. The city is an important commercial centre in eastern Afghanistan, situated at a strategic position on different trade routes.
The purpose of the report Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting in Mali is to provide relevant context information in view of the assessment of international protection status determination, including refugee status and subsidiary protection.
The report provides background information and mapping of FGM/C practices and trends at national and regional level in Mali. While relying on the last Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) in 2018, as a starting point, the report complements, contrasts and/or corroborates it with more recent studies and research carried out and published mostly in the period 2017-2022.
The report provides details on the legal and policy framework, national statistics, trends and prevalence of the practice, societal attitudes and drivers of FGM/C and information on FGM/C performers as well as types of FGM/C. Finally, the report looks into the role of national and international organisations and NGOs, as well as into consequences and treatment of women not undergoing FGM/C.
The reference period is from 2017 to April 2022.
Dit rapport behandelt de houding van de Nigerese autoriteiten ten opzichte van hun onderdanen die terugkeren nadat ze het land illegaal hebben verlaten en/of in België een verzoek om internationale bescherming (VIB) hebben ingediend en/of daar hebben verbleven. Het bestrijkt de periode van januari 2016 tot eind mei 2022. Cedoca sloot het onderzoek op 17 juni 2022 af.
Terugkeer naar het land van herkomst moet worden overwogen wanneer de vreemdeling niet langer voldoet aan de voorwaarden voor verblijf in België. Deze terugkeer kan vrijwillig of gedwongen zijn.
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The report describes various types of networks in Afghanistan and the significance of these networks for individuals and families be it during displacement, or for reintegration after return from abroad or after internal displacement within the country.
The report aims to provide information on the security situation in Afghanistan, which is relevant for international protection status determination (PSD; refugee status and subsidiary protection).
The information is a result of desk research of public, specialised paper-based and electronic sources until 27 November 2017. In addition, during the research, EASO researchers conducted extensive interviews with three experts (Borhan Osman, Abubakar Siddique and Anand Gopal).
This report is based on desk research of public, specialised paper-based and electronic sources. The main research was completed up until 30 November 2017. In addition, during the research, EASO researchers conducted extensive interviews with several field experts.
The report provides a general description of the socio-economic situation in three cities in Afghanistan – Kabul, Mazar-e Sharif and Herat – covering the following topics: economic growth; employment; poverty; food security; access to education; health care; housing; and coping strategies.