Country of origin information

Recent reports

25 Nov 2022

Ce rapport a pour objectif d’examiner la situation politique qui prévaut en République démocratique du Congo (RDC) depuis octobre 2021. Ce document constitue une mise à jour du COI Focus Situation politique à Kinshasa, daté du 18 octobre 2021.

Le Cedoca a clôturé les recherches le 7 novembre 2022.

21 Oct 2022

Ce rapport propose un aperçu de la situation sécuritaire en Egypte dans le nord du Sinaï en 2021 et 2022. La recherche a été clôturée le 11 octobre 2022.

21 Oct 2022

Ce document a été rédigé sur base des informations publiques disponibles : des rapports d’organisations internationales - en particulier un rapport publié par le Haut-Commissariat des Nations unies pour les réfugiés en mars 2022 -, ceux de centres européens de documentation en matière d’asile et de migration - notamment un rapport du Service d’immigration danois publié en juin 2019 et contenant des entretiens de diverses organisations en Palestine - et des articles de presse. Le Cedoca a également pris contact avec l’organisation israélienne Gisha , l’Office des étrangers, l’Organisation internationale pour les migrations et avec un diplomate palestinien.   

Ce COI Focus est une mise à jour d’un rapport publié le 3 septembre 2020. Le Cedoca a clôturé la recherche le 11 octobre 2022. 

All reports (321)


26 August 2020

The report provides an overview of the state structure, security institutions and state judiciary in Afghanistan. It is meant to be read in conjunction with other 2020 EASO COI reports on Afghanistan, which provide relevant information regarding topics such as customary law and informal dispute resolution, the main insurgent groups, targeted violence, security situation and armed conflict developments, and key socioeconomic indicators.

The report is divided into three parts. The first part focuses on presenting an overview of the state structure in Afghanistan, including governance, corruption, and the latest developments on the 2019 elections. The second part focuses on the state security institutions, their mandate and structure, integrity, and the main reported cases of violations perpetrated by these security forces. The third part of the report provides a general overview of the state judiciary, focusing on its capacity, integrity, effectiveness in prosecution, as well as prison conditions.

The drafting of this report was finalised on 30 June 2020. Any event taking place after this date is not included in this report.

14 August 2020

The purpose of this report is to provide relevant information for the assessment of international protection status determination, including refugee status and subsidiary protection. In particular, it is intended to inform the update of the chapter on Internal Protection Alternative within the Country Guidance on Afghanistan 2020 update.

The report is meant as an update of the EASO COI Report Afghanistan, Key socio-economic indicators 2019.

After providing some background information on the cities of Kabul, Herat and Mazar-e Sharif and discussing their accessibility, the report looks into several socio-economic indicators. The information is provided for the country as a whole, and where available for the three cities separately. Additional attention is paid to specific vulnerable groups such as IDPs, returnees, women and children.

The drafting of this report was finalised on 27 July 2020. Any event taking place after this date is not included in this report.



10 August 2020

The report provides an overview of the main Anti-Government Elements (AGEs) in Afghanistan, primarily the Taliban and Islamic State Khorasan Province (ISKP), with a focus on describing the modus operandi, structure and activities of these groups with respect to targeted killings and attacks on particular profiles.

The report is divided into four sections: Section 1 provides a general overview of the situation relating to armed conflict and AGEs, as well as recent developments on the Doha agreement with the US government and the Taliban; Section 2 provides information on the main points of the structure and modus operandi of the Taliban and main targeted profiles related to this group; Section 3 provides information on the ISKP and main targeted profiles; Section 4 provides an overview of other AGEs operating in Afghanistan, such as Al Qaeda, Haqqani Network and Foreign AGEs.

The drafting of this report was finalised 18 June 2020. Any event taking place after this date is not included in this report.

21 July 2020

This report provides an overview of the pluralistic legal system of codified and uncodified, formal and informal (customary) norms which govern Afghan society. The report also focuses on the topic of land dispute as one of the main sources of conflict in Afghanistan, providing information on formal and informal mechanism of dispute resolution, including Taliban’s involvement in resolving land disputes. Finally, it describes the practices of blood feuds and revenge killing, including customary blood feud resolution and compensation, and prosecution by the state.

The drafting of this report was finalised on 30 June 2020. Any event taking place after this date is not included in this report.

08 April 2020

This COI Focus aims to provide information on the security situation in Kabul City and is an update of both the COI Focus Afghanistan. Security Situation in Kabul City from 15 May 2019 and the Kabul City chapter taken from the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) Country of Origin Information Report. Afghanistan: Security Situation, published in June 2019. If any developments significantly change the security situation in Kabul, Cedoca will update this COI Focus as soon as possible. For a general introduction to the security situation in Afghanistan, reference is made to the EASO report listed above, published in June 2019. 

This report follows the structure of the individual provincial chapters in the June 2019 EASO report. The general description of the city contains information on the geography and population; the chapter on the background of the conflict takes a longer term look at the security situation in Kabul, including the actors active in the city. In the chapter on recent security trends, the nature of the violence, frequency, targets, locations, and victims are described within a timeframe from 1 April 2019 until 31 March 2020. Finally, a separate chapter is dedicated to population displacements caused by the conflict and the situation of internally displaced people (IDPs) and returnees in Kabul City.

This report presents information from 1 April 2019 until 31 March 2020.

12 March 2020

Het doel van dit onderzoek is een stand van zaken op te maken over de veiligheidssituatie in de stad Jalalabad en de districten Behsud en Surkhrod in de provincie Nangarhar. Het onderzoek richt zich in het bijzonder op de periode van 1 februari 2019 tot 31 januari 2020 en is afgerond op 27 februari 2020. Deze COI Focus is een actualisering van de gelijknamige COI Focus van 18 maart 2019.

Deze COI Focus bevat geen beschrijving van de huidige stand van het conflict in Afghanistan in zijn geheel noch van de situatie in de provincie Nangarhar. Hoewel de veiligheidsanalyse in de stad Jalalabad centraal staat, handelt een deel van de informatie (bijvoorbeeld die met betrekking tot de typologie van het geweld) ook over het gelijknamige district Jalalabad en de omringende districten Behsud en Surkhrod, respectievelijk ten noorden en ten westen van de stad Jalalabad. Verschillende bronnen geven immers aan dat er een ruimere stadsregio bestaat die delen van Behsud en Surkhrod omvatten. Indien nodig maakt Cedoca duidelijk of de informatie enkel voor de hoofdstad of voor het district Jalalabad geldt.

Informatie en data met betrekking tot de veiligheidssituatie zijn de afgelopen jaren steeds schaarser, gepolitiseerd en minder transparant geworden. Sinds het voorjaar 2017 beschikt Cedoca niet langer over cijfers met betrekking tot de veiligheidssituatie die in het verleden werden verkregen van een hooggeplaatste westerse veiligheidsanalist in Kabul.


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