The purpose of this report is to provide security-related information relevant for international protection status determination.
This report is an update of the EASO COI report Afghanistan Security Situation first published in January 2015 and updated annually.
The reference period is 15 August 2021–30 June 2022. The report is to be read in conjunction with two other COI reports published by EUAA in August 2022: Afghanistan – Targeting of Individuals and Afghanistan – Key Socio-economic Indicators in Afghanistan and in Kabul City.
The drafting of this report was finalised on 8 July 2022. Only a few incidents taking place after this date were included in this report, such as the killing of Al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri in a US-drone attack on 31 July 2022.
The first part of the report gives an overview of the security situation in Afghanistan in the period between 15 August 2019 and 30 June 2022, focusing on such issues as the structure of the Taliban government, actors, and recent security trends, including regional differences and the impact on civilians. The second part of the report gives a regional description of the security situation (Kabul City and Afghanistan’s 34 provinces).
The EUAA acknowledges as the drafter of this report:
Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
The following departments and organisations have reviewed the report:
- Belgium, Centre for Documentation and Research (Cedoca), Office of the Commissioner General for Refugees and Stateless Persons
- Greece, Asylum Processes and Training Department, Greek Asylum Service, Ministry of Migration and Asylum
- The Netherlands, Country of Origin Information (COI) Unit, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
This report is produced in line with the EASO COI Report Methodology (2019) and the EASO COI Writing and Referencing Style Guide (2019).