EUAA COI Report. Country Focus


The purpose of this report is to provide contextual information of relevance to the assessment of applications for international protection, including refugee status and subsidiary protection, and to the development of EUAA’s country guidance on Iran.

The report covers the period of 1 January 2023–17 April 2024. Events taking place after the end of the reference period have not been included, apart from some limited information added during the finalisation of the report, until 21 May 2024.

The report covers a general overview including the system of government, political situation and state authorities in chapter one, security situation in chapter two, the legal system and the judiciary including detention and prison conditions in chapter three, treatment of certain profiles and groups of population in chapter four and the key socio-economic situation in Tehran in chapter five.

This report was written by the Country of Origin Information (COI) sector of EUAA.

The following national COI departments reviewed the report:

- Austria, Federal Office for Immigration and Asylum, Country of Origin Information Department;

- Denmark, Danish Immigration Service (DIS) ;

- France, Office for the Protection of Refugees and Stateless Persons (OFPRA), Information, Documentation and Research Division (DIDR);

- Greece, Asylum Processes and Training Department, Greek Asylum Service, Ministry of Migration and Asylum;

- The Netherlands, Ministry of Justice and Security, Immigration and Naturalisation Service, Office for Country Information and Language Analysis (OCILA).

This report was written according to the EUAA COI Report Methodology (2023) and to the EUAA COI Writing and Referencing Style Guide (2023).


The policy implemented by the Commissioner General is based on a thorough analysis of accurate and up-to-date information on the general situation in the country of origin. This information is collated in a professional manner from various, objective sources, including the EUAA, the UNHCR, relevant international human rights organisations, non-governmental organisations, professional literature and coverage in the media. When determining policy, the Commissioner General does not only examine the COI Focuses written by Cedoca and published on this website, as these deal with just one aspect of the general situation in the country of origin. The fact that a COI Focus could be out-of-date does not mean that the policy that is being implemented by the Commissioner General is no longer up-to-date.

When assessing an application for asylum, the Commissioner General not only considers the actual situation in the country of origin at the moment of decision-making, he also takes into account the individual situation and personal circumstances of the applicant for international protection. Every asylum application is examined individually. An applicant must comprehensively demonstrate that he has a well-founded fear of persecution or that there is a clear personal risk of serious harm. He cannot, therefore, simply refer back to the general conditions in his country, but must also present concrete, credible and personal facts.

There is no policy paper for this country available on the website.


Information about the asylum procedure, tailored to the asylum seeker, can be found at :