EUAA COI Report. Country Focus


The purpose of this report is to provide relevant information for the assessment of applications for international protection, including refugee status and subsidiary protection, and in particular for use in updating EUAA’s country guidance document on Iraq.

This report should be read in conjunction with the EUAA COI report: Iraq – Security Situation (May 2024).

The report provides information on the treatment of selected profiles by state and non-state actors as well as on key socio-economic indicators in the country, with specific focus on the cities of Baghdad and Sulaymaniyah. The reference period for the chapters related to Treatment of selected profiles is January 2022 – March 2024; the reference period for the chapters related to Key socio-economic indicators for Baghdad and Sulaymaniyah is February 2023 – March 2024.

The report is partly to be read as an update of the EUAA COI report on Iraq: Targeting of Individuals published in February 2022 and of the EUAA COI report on Iraq: Key socioeconomic indicators for Baghdad, Basrah and Sulaymaniyah published in November 2021.

The report comprises two main chapters, each focusing on the treatment of selected profiles and on key socio-economic indicators for Baghdad and Sulaymaniyah respectively. Chapter 1 is divided into six sub-chapters. Each sub-chapter contains information on the general situation of selected groups of individuals or profiles within the Iraqi society as well as their treatment by state, state-affiliated actors and non-state actors. For better readability, crosslinks among the sub-chapters of the report are provided where information regarding one or more profiles overlaps with information related to other profiles covered in this report. Chapter 2 is divided in three sub-chapters. The first gives an overview of the socio-economic situation in the country as well as an overview at country level of the requirements needed to enter and settle in some governorates/cities, and the requirements needed to access civil documentation and services. The following two sub-chapters contain the same information specifically for the cities of Baghdad and Sulaymaniyah, respectively.

This report was written by the Country of Origin Information (COI) sector of EUAA.

The following national asylum and migration departments reviewed this report:

• Germany, Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF)

• Greece, Greek Asylum Service (GAS), General Secretariat for Migration Policy

• The Netherlands, Office for Country Information and Language Analysis, Ministry of Justice (OCILA)

• Slovak Republic, Department of Documentation and Foreign Cooperation, Ministry of Interior.

The drafting of this report was finalised on 8 May 2024. Any event taking place after this date is not included in this report.

This report was written according to the EUAA COI Report Methodology (2023) and to the EUAA COI Writing and Referencing Style Guide (2023).


Since 2013, the security situation in Iraq has largely been determined by the rise of and the battle against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). On 9 December 2017, then Prime Minister al-Abadi announced that the last piece of ISIS territory on Iraqi soil was recaptured and that this put an end to the ground war against the terror organization. The repulsion of ISIS and the recapture of territories occupied by the organization has had a clearly visible, positive impact on the security situation in Iraq. However, ISIS cells remain active in several Iraqi provinces and the Iraqi security forces, the Shia militias and the Kurdish Peshmerga still carry out actions against the organization. This displays itself in strong regional differences regarding the level of violence, the scale of random violence and the impact of the conflict. Additionally, as part of the conflict with the PKK, the Turkish army carries out air strikes and ground operations against PKK targets in the northern border regions of Iraq.


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