EASO Country of Origin Information Report. Targeting of individuals


The report aims to provide information on targeting of individuals in Nigeria, focusing on actors as well as on the profiles of targeted persons. Such information is relevant for international protection status determination (refugee status and subsidiary protection).

The report is divided into two main sections, following a first brief and general introduction to Nigeria. The second chapter on actors discusses several non-state actors, such as Boko Haram, militant groups in the Niger Delta, secret societies and cults, and traffickers, and state or state-affiliated actors.

The third chapter discusses the profiles of targeted persons as defined in the ToR according to the actor(s) targeting them. In some cases, the profile of individuals targeted by a certain actor builds upon the description of the said actor in the second chapter. A certain overlapping, for a better understanding of the profile concerned, is unavoidable.

This report was drafted by EASO.

The following national asylum and migration departments reviewed this report:

The Netherlands, Immigration and Naturalisation Service, Office for Country Information and Language Analysis (OCILA);

Sweden, Migrationsverket (Swedish Migration Agency), Lifos - Centre for Country of Origin Information and Analysis.

The following external expert reviewed this report:

Dr Megan Turnbull, Assistant Professor of Comparative Politics at the University of Georgia in the Department of International Affairs.

The drafting process (including reviewing) for this report was finalised on 17 October 2018. Any event taking place after this period is not included in this report.

This report was written according to the EASO COI Report Methodology.


The policy implemented by the Commissioner General is based on a thorough analysis of accurate and up-to-date information on the general situation in the country of origin. This information is collated in a professional manner from various, objective sources, including the EASO, the UNHCR, relevant international human rights organisations, non-governmental organisations, professional literature and coverage in the media. When determining policy, the Commissioner General does not only examine the COI Focuses written by Cedoca and published on this website, as these deal with just one aspect of the general situation in the country of origin. The fact that a COI Focus could be out-of-date does not mean that the policy that is being implemented by the Commissioner General is no longer up-to-date.


When assessing an application for asylum, the Commissioner General not only considers the actual situation in the country of origin at the moment of decision-making, he also takes into account the individual situation and personal circumstances of the applicant for international protection. Every asylum application is examined individually. An applicant must comprehensively demonstrate that he has a well-founded fear of persecution or that there is a clear personal risk of serious harm. He cannot, therefore, simply refer back to the general conditions in his country, but must also present concrete, credible and personal facts.

There is no policy paper for this country available on the website.