EASO Country of Origin Information Report. Security Situation


This report provides information on elements and indicators that may help in assessing the need for international protection of Nigerian applicants.

The first chapter gives a general description of the security situation in Nigeria, armed confrontations and military operations and an overview of actors in the various conflicts. This is then elaborated for the main conflicts in more detail in the second chapter. A general description at the level of the geopolitical zone contains information on the geography and population, and on the background of the conflict, including the actors active in the conflict. This is followed by a description of recent trends in the security situation, with regard to the above-mentioned indicators: the nature of the violence, frequency, tactics and targets, locations and number of fatalities. Also the impact of the violence on the state’s ability to secure law and order, and the impact on the population are discussed.

This report was drafted by The Netherlands, Immigration and Naturalisation Service, Office for Country Information and Language Analysis (OCILA).

The following national asylum and migration department reviewed this report:

Czech Republic, Department for Asylum and Migration Policy, International and European Affairs Unit.

The following external expert reviewed this report:

Nnamdi Obasi, Senior Advisor on Nigeria, International Crisis Group.

The drafting process (including reviewing) for this report was finalised on 17 October 2018. Any event taking place after this period is not included in this report.

This report was written according to the EASO COI Report Methodology.


The policy implemented by the Commissioner General is based on a thorough analysis of accurate and up-to-date information on the general situation in the country of origin. This information is collated in a professional manner from various, objective sources, including the EASO, the UNHCR, relevant international human rights organisations, non-governmental organisations, professional literature and coverage in the media. When determining policy, the Commissioner General does not only examine the COI Focuses written by Cedoca and published on this website, as these deal with just one aspect of the general situation in the country of origin. The fact that a COI Focus could be out-of-date does not mean that the policy that is being implemented by the Commissioner General is no longer up-to-date.


When assessing an application for asylum, the Commissioner General not only considers the actual situation in the country of origin at the moment of decision-making, he also takes into account the individual situation and personal circumstances of the applicant for international protection. Every asylum application is examined individually. An applicant must comprehensively demonstrate that he has a well-founded fear of persecution or that there is a clear personal risk of serious harm. He cannot, therefore, simply refer back to the general conditions in his country, but must also present concrete, credible and personal facts.

There is no policy paper for this country available on the website.

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