The data on civilian deaths/incidents contained in this report was gathered, extracted, analysed and presented by Iraq Body Count (IBC), with coordination and facilitation by EASO’s Country of Origin Information (COI) sector team.
This report is an information source supplemental to the EASO COI report Iraq: Security situation, which was drafted by the COI units of Sweden, Belgium, and France.
Readers and target users should always read this IBC supplementary report in conjunction with the full Security Situation report.
This supplementary report provides data about civilian deaths and security incidents leading to civilian deaths, and main causes of civilian deaths (weapon type) during 2012, and from 2017-2018,
as provided by IBC.
This information does not claim to exhaustively reflect every security incident leading to a civilian death. If a particular event is not mentioned in this information, it does not mean that the event has not taken place or did not exist.
As a result of an increase in violence and terrorist acts, the security and human rights situation in Iraq has deteriorated since 2013 and further escalated with the ground offensive that IS launched in June 2014. This has led to a bloody internal armed conflict. Citizens are being targeted by the conflicting parties for ethnic, religious or political reasons. In 2015, the military pressure on IS increased and the Iraqi Security Forces, backed by Shia militias and the Peshmerga, recaptured some areas from it. In 2016, IS lost more ground to government forces. The recapture of IS-controlled areas has clearly led to an improvement in the general security situation in Iraq. In 2017, violence continued to decrease in Baghdad.
The available information shows that there are still significant differences in the level of violence and the impact of the IS ground offensive according to the region considered. These strong regional variations characterise the security and human rights situation in Iraq. This means concretely that the situation in Central Iraq is different from the situation in South Iraq and the Kurdish Autonomous Region.