EASO COI Report. Country Focus


The report provides information on selected topics, relevant for the international protection status determination of Ivorian applicants.

It is not meant to be a general description of the human rights situation in the country, nor a comprehensive overview of all topics at stake in international protection status determination.

The EASO COI Country Focus report on Côte d’Ivoire provides general background information on the West African country, namely on geography, population, ethnic and religious groups, including the emergence of the concept of ‘Ivoirité’ (‘Ivorianness’ or ‘Ivorians First’). The report further provides a brief historical overview of the recent political situation, as well as context information on the two periods of civil unrest (2002-2007; 2010-2011). Next, the security situation in the country is discussed, focusing on the western regions of Côte d’Ivoire, on inter-ethnic conflicts and on criminality, specifically criminal youth gangs, called microbes). The last chapter is dedicated to some specific human rights issues in the country, namely the situation of LGBTI persons, women (including domestic and sexual violence, FGM/C, and forced and early marriage) and trafficking in human beings.

EASO acknowledges as the co-drafters of this report:

Italy, Ministry of the Interior, National Commission for the Right of Asylum, International and EU Affairs, COI unit

Switzerland, State Secretariat for Migration (SEM), Division Analysis

The following departments reviewed this report, together with EASO:

France, Office Français de Protection des Réfugiés et Apatrides (OFPRA), Division de l'Information, de la Documentation et des Recherches (DIDR)

Norway, Landinfo

The Netherlands, Immigration and Naturalisation Service, Office for Country of Origin Information and Language Analysis (OCILA)

Dr Marie Miran-Guyon, Lecturer at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), researcher, and author of numerous publications on the country reviewed this report.

The drafting of this report was finalised on 24 May 2019. Any event taking place after this date is not included in this report.

This report was written according to the EASO COI Report Methodology.


The policy implemented by the Commissioner General is based on a thorough analysis of accurate and up-to-date information on the general situation in the country of origin. This information is collated in a professional manner from various, objective sources, including the EASO, the UNHCR, relevant international human rights organisations, non-governmental organisations, professional literature and coverage in the media. When determining policy, the Commissioner General does not only examine the COI Focuses written by Cedoca and published on this website, as these deal with just one aspect of the general situation in the country of origin. The fact that a COI Focus could be out-of-date does not mean that the policy that is being implemented by the Commissioner General is no longer up-to-date.

When assessing an application for asylum, the Commissioner General not only considers the actual situation in the country of origin at the moment of decision-making, he also takes into account the individual situation and personal circumstances of the applicant for international protection. Every asylum application is examined individually. An applicant must comprehensively demonstrate that he has a well-founded fear of persecution or that there is a clear personal risk of serious harm. He cannot, therefore, simply refer back to the general conditions in his country, but must also present concrete, credible and personal facts.

There is no policy paper for this country available on the website.

Ivory Coast
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