This report is the result of a cooperation project between the Office of the Commissioner General for Refugees and Stateless Persons (CGRS) in Belgium and the European Asylum Support Office (EASO).
This report is an update of the security chapter of the EASO COI report “Pakistan: Country overview” (August 2015).
The report provides information on the security situation in Pakistan that is relevant to determine international protection status (determination of refugee status and subsidiary protection status). This report contains information gathered between June 2015 and April 2016 and covers the year 2015 and the first quarter of 2016. A limited number of specialized paper-based and electronic sources were consulted in this period and within the framework of the research. For media reports on security incidents mentioned by way of illustration under the regional descriptions of the security situation, the reference period is from 1 January 2015 to 31 March 2016.
The first part contains a general description of the security situation in Pakistan and regional differences are brought to attention. These differences are explained in detail in the second part, which contains a regional description of geographical subdivisions.
The report also discusses a number of relevant elements and indicators from different sources that can help to assess the need of protection. Information on one specific indicator cannot be considered decisive but must be seen as an indication for assessing the need of protection and must be read with all the other indicators and information on the region.
In order to ensure that the co-authors respected the EASO methodology for COI reports, a review was carried out by COI specialists of the countries and organizations mentioned in the acknowledgements section. All comments made by the reviewers were taken into consideration and most of them were implemented in the final draft of this report.
The security and human rights situation in Pakistan is problematic. Many citizens of Pakistan are being exposed to ethno-political or sectarian violence and the Pakistani authorities are often unable or unwilling to offer protection. The majority of the violence in Pakistan can be attributed to the terror organisations that are active in the country. The terror organisations primarily target members of the security services and the army, members of religious minorities and the police force. In addition, Pakistan often sees large-scale attacks that are carried out in order to create the maximum number of victims within a specific community. As a rule, religious minorities and primarily the Shiite Muslims are the target. The security situation in the country is further influenced by the armed conflict between extremist elements and government troops in the north-west of the country and the nationalist uprising in Balochistan.