Country of origin information

Recent reports

05 Jul 2017

In a ‘Country Focus’ report, EASO aims to provide information focusing on ‘selected topics’ of particular relevance for international protection status determination (Refugee Status and Subsidiary Protection) for Nigerian applicants. It is not meant to be a general description of the human rights situation in the country, nor a comprehensive overview of all topics at stake in international protection status determination.

05 Jul 2017

The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the functionality of the administration of the Russian Federation within the justice and security sectors in their role as State actors of protection.

23 Jun 2017

During the EASO COI Specialist Network (CSN) meeting (4 December 2015), the need for updated information on recruitment practices by armed actors in the Afghan conflict was expressed by participants from 10 EU+ countries. An initial discussion was held on terms of reference (ToR) for such an update.

• Taliban recruitment

• Recruitment by other insurgent groups

• Recruitment by ALP

• Recruitment by pro-government groups outside government control

• Child recruitment

All reports (27)

Afghanistan

During the EASO COI Specialist Network (CSN) meeting (4 December 2015), the need for updated information on recruitment practices by armed actors in the Afghan conflict was expressed by participants from 10 EU+ countries. An initial discussion was held on terms of reference (ToR) for such an update.

• Taliban recruitment

• Recruitment by other insurgent groups

• Recruitment by ALP

• Recruitment by pro-government groups outside government control

• Child recruitment

In 2014, through its work with Member States (MS), EASO identified the need among MS for detailed security updates supporting decision- and policy-makers in the assessment of the need for refugee protection and subsidiary protection, especially taking into account article 15(c) of the Qualification Directive (QD). This, together with article 2(f) QD, defines a number of key elements such as: a "real risk of serious harm"; an "internal or international armed conflict"; "indiscriminate violence"; the term "civilian"; and a "serious and individual threat to life or person".

This report is an update of the EASO COI report “Afghanistan Security Situation” published in January 2015.

This report was drafted by Country of Origin Information (COI) specialists from the COI units and asylum offices listed as co-authors under the Acknowledgements section, together with the European Asylum Support Office (EASO).

In the period from January to August 2015, there were between 200 and 299 violence-related incidents in Jalalabad, an increase compared to the same period of time in 2014.

Burundi

The crisis in Burundi has its origin in the controversy over the third mandate of President Nkurunziza. Starting from April 2015, demonstrations were held in Bujumbura’s anti-government neighbourhoods and elsewhere in the country. These demonstrations were repressed with an excessive use of force, according to HRW and AI.

Guinee

Guinea has legislation prohibiting indecent and unnatural acts with an individual of the same sex.

According to information obtained from human rights organisations and the Afrique Arc-en-Ciel Conakry gay rights association, there is neither legal action nor penalty for being homosexual or practising homosexuality. However, Lawyers without Borders Guinea (LWB) identified one case of legal action for an indecent act in 2013.

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